I have just added the closed captions to my recently published YouTube video Reading and note making. Usually YouTube is pretty good at excepting a text file and interpreting it. However today, it was riddled with errors, so i had to investigate how and them manually.
The captions use a file format .sbv which I have to admit I’d never heard of, although can be easily created on any plain text editor by changing the file extension.
It uses 8 digit time codes of the format: h:mm:ss:THt, where T is tenth of a second, H – hundredth and t – Thousandth. This is uncustomary in video as you tend to us frames.
The formatting of the .sbv is as follows:
[start time of caption 1],[end time of caption 1]<carriage return>
[First text line of caption 1]<carriage return>
[Second text line of caption 1]<carriage return>
[start time of caption 2],[end time of caption 2]<carriage return>
[First text line of caption 2]<carriage return>
[Second text line of caption 2]<carriage return>
And so on…
The ‘THt’ part of the time code is a bit a guess work as YouTube only displays time in MM:SS, so you really have to judge whether the audio started before or after the second.
Here are some words of cautions, from lessons learnt whilst attempting:
- You must have a line break (carriage return) between the end of caption and the time code of the next caption
- Do not over lap your times
- No spaces in the time codes, before or after the comma or at the end of the time codes.
Here is my the final version of the Closed Caption used in the video
0:00:01.010,0:00:07.680 Welcome to this tutorial on reading and note-making. We will be following the progress of two students 0:00:07.680,0:00:13.720 Stefan and Alex, as they prepare to write an essay. 0:00:13.720,0:00:19.550 Reading lists are sometimes very very long. This can be quite worrying for students, who 0:00:19.550,0:00:22.369 may feel that theyíll never be on top of their reading. 0:00:22.369,0:00:29.369 This tutorial aims to help you to gain control over your reading and note-making. 0:00:31.960,0:00:35.899 Alex and Stefan have just received the options for their next essay title. 0:00:35.899,0:00:44.000 They read through the list.. This needs some thinking about 0:00:44.000,0:00:43.899 Lets go to the cafe. 0:00:54.100,0:01:00.059 They wonder for a few moments whether they can get away without doing any background reading 0:01:01.059,0:01:04.210 but they soon realise what their essay would lack. 0:01:04.210,0:01:11.210 It's clear that some serious reading will be necessary. 0:01:11.370,0:01:14.001 Alex is now getting very stressed 0:01:14.001,0:01:18.870 Then he rushes off to the library to get started straight away. 0:01:19.000,0:01:21.970 Meanwhile, Stefan stays behind. 0:01:23.170,0:01:27.560 Alex becomes very busy, reading and making notes... 0:01:28.560,0:01:31.300 and reading and making notes... 0:01:32.300,0:01:35.300 and reading and making notes... 0:01:35.800,0:01:39.300 and reading and making notes... 0:01:39.800,0:01:44.630 and reading and making notes... 0:01:45.230,0:01:47.630 and reading and making notes... 0:01:48.230,0:01:53.630 Until he falls asleep and starts to dream 0:01:54.630,0:02:00.930 He dreams about going shopping in a big supermarket, without a list 0:02:00.930,0:02:03.430 and piling more and more into the trolley. 0:02:03.430,0:02:08.619 He's not sure whether he really needs it, but he'll take it just in case 0:02:08.619,0:02:11.920 eventually he has transferred everything to his trolley! 0:02:11.920,0:02:17.409 But he certainly canít pay for it all, and he doesn't even know whether he's found what he really wanted. 0:02:17.409,0:02:20.489 There is probably something in that trolley that he really needs, 0:02:20.489,0:02:23.040 but goodness knows how he is going to find it! 0:02:24.540,0:02:29.540 Back in the cafe, Stefan is almost finished his drink, and has been planning what to do. 0:02:30.780,0:02:36.670 From his essay title, he has created a rough plan of the essay he thinks he will write. 0:02:36.670,0:02:42.650 From that plan he then creates a list of what he specifically wants to look for in the literature, 0:02:42.650,0:02:48.329 that will be relevant to his particular essay. This means that he can be quite selective 0:02:48.329,0:02:53.260 in what he chooses to read. He can also be selective in his note making, 0:02:53.260,0:02:58.930 only taking note that are likely to have a place in his essay. 0:02:58.930,0:03:02.930 Time to pack his bags and head for the library. 0:03:03.230,0:03:06.930 He sees Alex sleeping so doesn't disturb him. 0:03:07.409,0:03:11.139 He collects a small pile of relevant material 0:03:11.139,0:03:17.029 and settles down to make the specific notes he needs to fit his essay plan. 0:03:17.029,0:03:22.040 Stefan makes fewer notes than Alex, because he has thought a lot more 0:03:22.040,0:03:24.279 about exactly what he is looking for. 0:03:24.279,0:03:29.279 After a while, Alex wakes up and gets back 0:03:29.279,0:03:33.859 to his massive task of making notes from all of the books. 0:03:33.859,0:03:39.559 Meanwhile, Stefan has collected plenty of material to get going with some essay writing. 0:03:39.559,0:03:43.559 He puts the books away and leaves. 0:03:44.559,0:03:48.950 So remember!! To be efficient and effective in your note-making 0:03:48.950,0:03:55.529 When you're given your next essay title, don't rush off and start to read and making notes 0:03:55.529,0:03:56.829 instead. 0:03:56.829,0:04:04.799 STOP... and examine the title carefully for requirements and possibilities 0:04:04.799,0:04:09.799 THINK... how could you tackle this essay title? 0:04:10.599,0:04:16.569 What do you think could be your overall argument, and the different aspects that you need to address 0:04:18.569,0:04:22.569 PLAN... plan a draft essay structure, 0:04:22.569,0:04:30.120 and use that plan decide what specific note you need to take to start to fill in that structure 0:04:30.120,0:04:32.600 and to create full essay. 0:04:33.200,0:04:37.600 Using a strategy like this should mean that your reading is more focussed, 0:04:37.600,0:04:42.360 and your note-making is a more manageable and productive process.
And this is how it appears on the video