.sbv files for YouTube Closed Captions

I have just added the closed captions to my recently published YouTube video Reading and note making. Usually YouTube is pretty good at excepting a text file and interpreting it. However today, it was riddled with errors, so i had to investigate how and them manually.

The captions use a file format .sbv which I have to admit I’d never heard of, although can be easily created on any plain text editor by changing the file extension.

It uses 8 digit time codes of the format: h:mm:ss:THt, where T is tenth of a second, H – hundredth and t –  Thousandth. This is uncustomary in video as you tend to us frames.

The formatting of the .sbv is as follows:

[start time of caption 1],[end time of caption 1]<carriage return>
[First text line of caption 1]<carriage return>
[Second text line of caption 1]<carriage return>
<carriage return>
[start time of caption 2],[end time of caption 2]<carriage return>
[First text line of caption 2]<carriage return>
[Second text line of caption 2]<carriage return>

And so on…

The ‘THt’ part of the time code is a bit a guess work as YouTube only displays time in MM:SS, so you really have to judge whether the audio started before or after the second.

Here are some words of cautions, from lessons learnt whilst attempting:

  • You must have a line break (carriage return) between the end of caption and the time code of the next caption
  • Do not over lap your times
  • No spaces in the time codes, before or after the comma or at the end of the time codes.

Here is my the final version of the Closed Caption used in the video

0:00:01.010,0:00:07.680
Welcome to this tutorial on reading and note-making. We will be following the progress of two students 

0:00:07.680,0:00:13.720
Stefan and Alex, as they prepare to write an essay. 

0:00:13.720,0:00:19.550
Reading lists are sometimes very very long. This can be quite worrying for students, who

0:00:19.550,0:00:22.369
may feel that theyíll never be on top of their reading.

0:00:22.369,0:00:29.369
This tutorial aims to help you to gain control
over your reading and note-making.

0:00:31.960,0:00:35.899
Alex and Stefan have just received the options for their next essay title.

0:00:35.899,0:00:44.000
They read through the list..
This needs some thinking about 

0:00:44.000,0:00:43.899
Lets go to the cafe.

0:00:54.100,0:01:00.059
They wonder for a few moments whether they can get away without doing any background reading

0:01:01.059,0:01:04.210
but they soon realise what their essay would lack.

0:01:04.210,0:01:11.210
It's clear that some serious reading will be necessary. 

0:01:11.370,0:01:14.001
Alex is now getting very stressed

0:01:14.001,0:01:18.870
Then he rushes off to the 
library to get started straight away.

0:01:19.000,0:01:21.970
Meanwhile, Stefan stays behind.

0:01:23.170,0:01:27.560
Alex becomes very busy, reading and making notes...

0:01:28.560,0:01:31.300
and reading and making notes...

0:01:32.300,0:01:35.300
and reading and making notes...

0:01:35.800,0:01:39.300
and reading and making notes...

0:01:39.800,0:01:44.630
and reading and making notes...

0:01:45.230,0:01:47.630
and reading and making notes...

0:01:48.230,0:01:53.630
Until he falls asleep and starts to dream

0:01:54.630,0:02:00.930
He dreams about going shopping in a 
big supermarket, without a list

0:02:00.930,0:02:03.430
and piling more and more into the trolley.

0:02:03.430,0:02:08.619
He's not sure whether he really needs it, 
but he'll take it just in case

0:02:08.619,0:02:11.920
eventually he has transferred everything to his trolley!

0:02:11.920,0:02:17.409
But he certainly canít pay for it all, and he doesn't 
even know whether he's found what he really wanted.

0:02:17.409,0:02:20.489
There is probably something in that trolley
that he really needs, 

0:02:20.489,0:02:23.040 
but goodness knows
how he is going to find it!

0:02:24.540,0:02:29.540
Back in the cafe, Stefan is almost finished
his drink, and has been planning what to do.

0:02:30.780,0:02:36.670
From his essay title, he has created a rough
plan of the essay he thinks he will write.

0:02:36.670,0:02:42.650
From that plan he then creates a list of what
he specifically wants to look for in the literature,

0:02:42.650,0:02:48.329
that will be relevant to his particular essay.
This means that he can be quite selective

0:02:48.329,0:02:53.260
in what he chooses to read. 
He can also be selective in his note making,

0:02:53.260,0:02:58.930
only taking note that are likely to have a
place in his essay.

0:02:58.930,0:03:02.930
Time to pack his bags and head for the library.

0:03:03.230,0:03:06.930
He sees Alex sleeping so doesn't disturb him.

0:03:07.409,0:03:11.139
He collects a small pile of relevant material

0:03:11.139,0:03:17.029
and settles down to make the specific notes
he needs to fit his essay plan.

0:03:17.029,0:03:22.040
Stefan makes fewer notes than Alex, 
because he has thought a lot more 

0:03:22.040,0:03:24.279
about exactly what he is looking for.

0:03:24.279,0:03:29.279
After a while, Alex wakes up 
and gets back

0:03:29.279,0:03:33.859
to his massive task of making notes 
from all of the books.

0:03:33.859,0:03:39.559
Meanwhile, Stefan has collected plenty of
material to get going with some essay writing.

0:03:39.559,0:03:43.559
He puts the books away and leaves.

0:03:44.559,0:03:48.950
So remember!! To be efficient 
and effective in your note-making

0:03:48.950,0:03:55.529
When you're given your next essay title,
don't rush off and start to read and making notes

0:03:55.529,0:03:56.829
instead.

0:03:56.829,0:04:04.799
STOP... and examine the title carefully 
for requirements and possibilities

0:04:04.799,0:04:09.799
THINK... how could you tackle this essay title?

0:04:10.599,0:04:16.569
What do you think could be your overall argument,
and the different aspects that you need to address

0:04:18.569,0:04:22.569
PLAN... 
plan a draft essay structure, 

0:04:22.569,0:04:30.120
and use that plan decide what specific note you
need to take to start to fill in that structure

0:04:30.120,0:04:32.600
and to create full essay.

0:04:33.200,0:04:37.600
Using a strategy like this should mean that
your reading is more focussed,

0:04:37.600,0:04:42.360
and your note-making is a more 
manageable and productive process.

And this is how it appears on the video

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